Kyrgyzstan country

The Uzbeks began to settle in the territory of Kyrgyzstan after the conquest of the Khanate of Kokand in the early 19th century. In the 19-20 centuries. between the Kirghiz and Uzbeks clashed on a national basis, the last conflict of this kind belong to 1990. The most difficult is the situation in the Osh region. In the north, near the border with Kazakhstan, Kazakh settlements are concentrated. Most of the Uighurs in Kyrgyzstan, migrated from China after the founding of the PRC in 1949. Where Uzbeks, Kazakhs and Uighurs make up the majority population in their native language newspapers are published, and is taught in schools.
Russian began to settle after the conquest of Russia vKyrgyzstana the northern part of the country in 1861. By 1876 it was annexed as part of the South, and at the same time increased influx of Russian immigrants. The imperial government gave them land Kirghiz, which often led to clashes with the Russian community. The most serious of these clashes took place in Andijan in 1916.
Russian language in Kyrgyzstan is the language of interethnic communication. In 1989, decisions were made, who set Kirghiz language is in a privileged position in relation to the Russian. Together with other manifestations of anti-Russian sentiment that led to the fact that many Russian-speaking residents have fled the country. Nevertheless, the Russian diaspora - the largest of the ethnic minorities in Kyrgyzstan, it is concentrated mainly in Bishkek.

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